Saturday, February 11, 2012

Names of Lord

This is a little silly question, how many names of God are in Sikh scriptures Sri Guru Granth Sahib? Or for that matter, in other all other religious scrpitures of the World, Bible, Koran, Gita, Torah, Buddhist scriptures and others I don't know about. In Chjristinity, I know some such as Hallaluha, Emanuel etc. In Hindusim, Sikhism, Jainism, there is Ishwar, Prabhu, Swami etc. Sikhs also remember God with names associated with His actions such as palanhaar, karanhaar, karawanhaar, daata, devanhaar, kirpadhaar, Sirjanhaar and so on.

Sikhiwiki link lists some popular ones and mentions that there are hundreds but I still was not satisfied. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji teaches us that the names of lord are many:

ਕਿੰਤੇ ਨਾਮਾ ਅੰਤੁ ਨ ਜਾਣਿਆ ਤੁਮ ਸਰਿ ਨਾਹੀ ਅਵਰੁ ਹਰੇ ॥ किंते नामा अंतु न जाणिआ तुम सरि नाही अवरु हरे ॥ Kinṯe nāmā anṯ na jāṇi▫ā ṯum sar nāhī avar hare. You have so many Names, Lord, I do not know their limit. There is no other equal to You.

Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Page 877

There are even more that we don't even think about in normal life. Even if you read "Jaap Sahib" the bani of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, you can find hundreds of descriptions and salutaions to Waheguru Ji in many ways by Satguru Ji. Jaap Sahib starts with descrition of Lord in many ways:

Sri Dasam Granth Sahib
ਦਸਮ ਗਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ
दसम गरंथ साहिब

ਮੁਖ ਭਾਗ 1
मुख भाग 1

ਜਾਪੁ ਸਾਹਿਬ
जापु साहिब

ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
ੴ सतिगुर प्रसादि ॥
The Lord is One and He can be attained through the grace of the true Guru.

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫ਼ਤਹ ॥
स्री वाहिगुरू जी की फ़तह ॥
The Lord is One and the victory is of the Lord.

ਜਾਪੁ ॥
जापु ॥

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਮੁਖਵਾਕ ਪਾਤਿਸਾਹੀ ੧੦ ॥
स्री मुखवाक पातिसाही १० ॥
The sacred utterance of The Tenth Sovereign:

ਛਪੈ ਛੰਦ ॥ ਤ੍ਵਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
छपै छंद ॥ त्वप्रसादि ॥

ਚੱਕ੍ਰ ਚਿਹਨ ਅਰੁ ਬਰਨ ਜਾਤਿ ਅਰੁ ਪਾਤਿ ਨਹਿਨ ਜਿਹ ॥
च्क्र चिहन अरु बरन जाति अरु पाति नहिन जिह ॥
He who is without mark or sign, He who is without caste or line.

ਰੂਪ ਰੰਗ ਅਰੁ ਰੇਖ ਭੇਖ ਕੋਊ ਕਹਿ ਨ ਸਕਤਿ ਕਿਹ ॥
रूप रंग अरु रेख भेख कोऊ कहि न सकति किह ॥
He who is without colour or form, and without any distinctive norm.

ਅਚਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਨਭਉ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ ਅਮਿਤੋਜਿ ਕਹਿਜੈ ॥
अचल मूरति अनभउ प्रकास अमितोजि कहिजै ॥
He who is without limit and motion, All effulgence, non-descript Ocean.

ਕੋਟਿ ਇੰਦ੍ਰ ਇੰਦ੍ਰਾਣਿ ਸਾਹੁ ਸਾਹਾਣਿ ਗਣਿਜੈ ॥
कोटि इंद्र इंद्राणि साहु साहाणि गणिजै ॥
The Lord of millions of Indras and kings, the Master of all worlds and beings.

ਤ੍ਰਿਭਵਣ ਮਹੀਪ ਸੁਰ ਨਰ ਅਸੁਰ ਨੇਤਿ ਨੇਤਿ ਬਨ ਤ੍ਰਿਣ ਕਹਤ ॥
त्रिभवण महीप सुर नर असुर नेति नेति बन त्रिण कहत ॥
Each twig of the foliage proclaims: "Not this Thou art.

ਤ੍ਵ ਸਰਬ ਨਾਮ ਕਥੈ ਕਵਨ ਕਰਮ ਨਾਮ ਬਰਣਤ ਸੁਮਤਿ ॥੧॥
त्व सरब नाम कथै कवन करम नाम बरणत सुमति ॥१॥
All Thy Names cannot be told. One doth impart Thy Action-Name with benign heart.1.

In above line in the first stanza, Satguru Ji says that all of Lord's names can not be told.

Guru Ji even honored his "Khalsa" with a title of perfect "Satguru", "Khalsa mera satgur poora".

And, go even one step further, when one reads "Shastar Naam Maala" Guru Ji even bestowed the Kirpan, tupak, saif, saithi, teer and other weapons the title of "Pir" in the Bani of Dasam Granth.

Shastar Naam Mala

So, this is a great responsibility on a Khalsa to fullfil and walk in the footsteps of Guru Ji. Knowing when and how to use weapons, to defend, to fight, knowing when and how to meditate, to do jaap, do simran, do seva.

There is a story about Lord's name my mother always told me many times. It is a popular punjabi folktale about how this farmer couldn't remember the God's name "Jagdumba" so he kept recing the word "Khardumba" while doing godee (weeding the soil with trowel which is called "Rumba" or "Khardumba"). God was so pleased with his loving devotion that he was able get darshan or vision of the Lord.

Every message in Gurbani is about meditating on the name of Lord. In actuality, that is what life of a Sikh is all about. To recite, remember, sing, meditate on Lord's name, 24X7; while sleeping, while working, while eating, while studying; just sing His praise, sing Gurbani, remember remember Him, recite recite recite. That is the utlimate Bliss and ideal Sikh life! Sri Guru Hargobind Singh Ji Maharaj, and Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj added another layer to this which is to balance the spirituality with temporal righteous way of living as "Khalsa", names and references are many; Miri-Piri, the Sant-Sipahi (Saint-Soldier), Peace-Warrior, Bhagti-Shakti, Light-Lightening, Grace-Power, Karma-Dharma, Sardar-Sevadar but the meaning is the same. Acting in a righteous manner under the command of God. Every Sikh knows and understands that "Khalsa is of Waheguru and Victory belongs to Waheguru". So to me, Guru Ji's Khalsa is also another name of God.

I would like to end this with one of my favorite meditation from one of Yogi Bhajan's lectures where everyone is reciting:

Satnam Satnam Satnam Satnam
Satnam Satnam Waheguru

Satnam Satnam Satnam Satnam
Satnam Satnam Waheguru

Satnam Satnam Satnam Satnam
Satnam Satnam Waheguru

Satnam Satnam Satnam Satnam
Satnam Satnam Waheguru

Satnam Satnam Satnam Satnam
Satnam Satnam Waheguru


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