Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Maya - The material greed, lust, anger, emotional attachment, egotistical pride

This is something I had been thinking about for a while now and had been wanting to write some words about it. The other day I was watching a PBS (Public Broadcasting Station) documentary on Buddha and Maya was described according to Buddhism as something like an demon entity with big teeth and a frightening face who tries to entice Buddha through various desires during his meditation. This also reminded me of Demon or Satan in Christianity, who is also viewed as an entity like a person or devil which tries to entice and defeat Jesus and works against God. Maya also plays a big role in Hinduism. The word Maya is also mentioned in Guru Granth Sahib several times, and conquering Maya is at core of Sikh beliefs. But Maya is not a demonic entity or a he or a she, but just a combination of five evils made up of greed, anger, lust, wordly attachment and false pride and Gurbai teaches us that even Maya is created by God and under his control. The following link also gives various details about Maya:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_(illusion).

Goal of a true Sikh in life is not to fall in love with Maya and avoid these five evils and attach himself or herself with Waheguru thru singing, listening, reciting Gurbani, meditation on Naam while living in this World doing seva, work and simran.


ਸਿਰੀਰਾਗੁ ਮਹਲਾ ੧ ॥
सिरीरागु महला १ ॥
Sirīrāg mėhlā 1.
Siree Raag, First Mehl:


ਸੁੰਞੀ ਦੇਹ ਡਰਾਵਣੀ ਜਾ ਜੀਉ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਜਾਇ ॥
सुंञी देह डरावणी जा जीउ विचहु जाइ ॥
Suñī ḏeh darāvaṇī jā jī▫o vicẖahu jā▫e.
The empty body is dreadful, when the soul goes out from within.


ਭਾਹਿ ਬਲੰਦੀ ਵਿਝਵੀ ਧੂਉ ਨ ਨਿਕਸਿਓ ਕਾਇ ॥
भाहि बलंदी विझवी धूउ न निकसिओ काइ ॥
Bẖāhi balanḏī vijẖvī ḏẖū▫o na niksi▫o kā▫e.
The burning fire of life is extinguished, and the smoke of the breath no longer emerges.


ਪੰਚੇ ਰੁੰਨੇ ਦੁਖਿ ਭਰੇ ਬਿਨਸੇ ਦੂਜੈ ਭਾਇ ॥੧॥
पंचे रुंने दुखि भरे बिनसे दूजै भाइ ॥१॥
Pancẖe runne ḏukẖ bẖare binse ḏūjai bẖā▫e. ||1||
The five relatives (the senses) weep and wail painfully, and waste away through the love of duality. ||1||


ਮੂੜੇ ਰਾਮੁ ਜਪਹੁ ਗੁਣ ਸਾਰਿ ॥
मूड़े रामु जपहु गुण सारि ॥
Mūṛe rām japahu guṇ sār.
You fool: chant the Name of the Lord, and preserve your virtue.


ਹਉਮੈ ਮਮਤਾ ਮੋਹਣੀ ਸਭ ਮੁਠੀ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਿ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥
हउमै ममता मोहणी सभ मुठी अहंकारि ॥१॥ रहाउ ॥
Ha▫umai mamṯā mohṇī sabẖ muṯẖī ahaʼnkār. ||1|| rahā▫o.
Egotism and possessiveness are very enticing; egotistical pride has plundered everyone. ||1||Pause||


ਜਿਨੀ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਿਸਾਰਿਆ ਦੂਜੀ ਕਾਰੈ ਲਗਿ ॥
जिनी नामु विसारिआ दूजी कारै लगि ॥
Jinī nām visāri▫ā ḏūjī kārai lag.
Those who have forgotten the Naam, the Name of the Lord, are attached to affairs of duality.


ਦੁਬਿਧਾ ਲਾਗੇ ਪਚਿ ਮੁਏ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਤ੍ਰਿਸਨਾ ਅਗਿ ॥
दुबिधा लागे पचि मुए अंतरि त्रिसना अगि ॥
Ḏubiḏẖā lāge pacẖ mu▫e anṯar ṯarisnā ag.
Attached to duality, they putrefy and die; they are filled with the fire of desire within.


ਗੁਰਿ ਰਾਖੇ ਸੇ ਉਬਰੇ ਹੋਰਿ ਮੁਠੀ ਧੰਧੈ ਠਗਿ ॥੨॥
गुरि राखे से उबरे होरि मुठी धंधै ठगि ॥२॥
Gur rākẖe se ubre hor muṯẖī ḏẖanḏẖai ṯẖag. ||2||
Those who are protected by the Guru are saved; all others are cheated and plundered by deceitful worldly affairs. ||2||


ਮੁਈ ਪਰੀਤਿ ਪਿਆਰੁ ਗਇਆ ਮੁਆ ਵੈਰੁ ਵਿਰੋਧੁ ॥
मुई परीति पिआरु गइआ मुआ वैरु विरोधु ॥
Mu▫ī parīṯ pi▫ār ga▫i▫ā mu▫ā vair viroḏẖ.
Love dies, and affection vanishes. Hatred and alienation die.


ਧੰਧਾ ਥਕਾ ਹਉ ਮੁਈ ਮਮਤਾ ਮਾਇਆ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ॥
धंधा थका हउ मुई ममता माइआ क्रोधु ॥
Ḏẖanḏẖā thakā ha▫o mu▫ī mamṯā mā▫i▫ā kroḏẖ.
Entanglements end, and egotism dies, along with attachment to Maya, possessiveness and anger.


ਕਰਮਿ ਮਿਲੈ ਸਚੁ ਪਾਈਐ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਸਦਾ ਨਿਰੋਧੁ ॥੩॥
करमि मिलै सचु पाईऐ गुरमुखि सदा निरोधु ॥३॥
Karam milai sacẖ pā▫ī▫ai gurmukẖ saḏā niroḏẖ. ||3||
Those who receive His Mercy obtain the True One. The Gurmukhs dwell forever in balanced restraint. ||3||


ਸਚੀ ਕਾਰੈ ਸਚੁ ਮਿਲੈ ਗੁਰਮਤਿ ਪਲੈ ਪਾਇ ॥
सची कारै सचु मिलै गुरमति पलै पाइ ॥
Sacẖī kārai sacẖ milai gurmaṯ palai pā▫e.
By true actions, the True Lord is met, and the Guru's Teachings are found.


ਸੋ ਨਰੁ ਜੰਮੈ ਨਾ ਮਰੈ ਨਾ ਆਵੈ ਨਾ ਜਾਇ ॥
सो नरु जमै ना मरै ना आवै ना जाइ ॥
So nar jammai nā marai nā āvai nā jā▫e.
Then, they are not subject to birth and death; they do not come and go in reincarnation.


ਨਾਨਕ ਦਰਿ ਪਰਧਾਨੁ ਸੋ ਦਰਗਹਿ ਪੈਧਾ ਜਾਇ ॥੪॥੧੪॥
नानक दरि परधानु सो दरगहि पैधा जाइ ॥४॥१४॥
Nānak ḏar parḏẖān so ḏargahi paiḏẖā jā▫e. ||4||14||
O Nanak, they are respected at the Lord's Gate; they are robed in honor in the Court of the Lord. ||4||14||

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